PCOS is a complicated hormonal disorder associated with several other problems such as obesity, insulin resistance, hirsutism, infertility, depression, and anxiety. Recent studies have also shown the link between PCOS and sleep related disorders that affect the sleep cycle of PCOS women. Therefore, in this article, we will delve into the details of the relationship between PCOS and sleep problems and their management.
PCOS and sleep apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by episodes of the complete collapse of the airway or partial collapse with an associated decrease in oxygen saturation on arousal from sleep. This type of sleep disturbance results in fragmented, nonrestorative sleep.
Besides other causes of sleep apnea recent research studies now link PCOS and sleep apnea because of hormonal changes and obesity in PCOS. A research study published in Science Direct reports that the risk for obstructive sleep apnea(OPA) is at least 5 to 10-fold higher in women with PCOS compared to those without PCOS.
A research article published in Clinical Endocrinology wherein data of total 6578 women ( n = 484 PCOS and n = 6094 non-PCOS) gathered concluded that the occurrence of sleep disorders is more prevalent in women with PCOS in comparison to normal women without prevalence.
Insomnia and PCOS:
Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing non-restorative sleep. While insomnia can affect anyone, studies have shown that women with PCOS are more likely to experience sleep disturbances compared to those without the condition. The relationship between PCOS and insomnia is complex and multifactorial. More research is needed to explore the potential link between PCOS and insomnia.
Read More: Ways To Get Rid Of Sleeplessness!
Management and Treatment
While managing PCOS may help alleviate some insomnia symptoms, targeted interventions for sleep problems can also be beneficial. Here are a few approaches to consider:
Healthy Lifestyle Changes
Implementing healthy sleep habits, such as maintaining a regular sleep schedule, creating a relaxing bedtime routine, and avoiding stimulating activities or screens before bed, can promote better sleep. Regular exercises, a balanced diet, and stress reduction techniques, such as meditation or yoga, may also improve sleep quality.
If lifestyle changes do not provide sufficient relief, looking for medical interventions may be necessary. Consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in sleep disorders. They may recommend cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), a non-medication treatment that addresses the underlying causes of sleep difficulties. In some cases, medications that aid sleep, such as sedatives or hypnotics, may be prescribed.
Effectively managing PCOS can have positive effects on sleep. Lifestyle changes, such as weight loss (if applicable), maintaining a healthy diet, and managing insulin resistance, may improve both PCOS symptoms and sleep quality. Consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in PCOS management for guidance and support.
PCOS and insomnia share a complex relationship, with hormonal imbalances, metabolic factors, and psychological influences contributing to sleep disturbances. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution, implementing lifestyle modifications and seeking appropriate medical interventions can help alleviate insomnia symptoms associated with PCOS. By taking a holistic approach to managing both conditions, women with PCOS can work towards achieving better sleep and improved overall wellness.