PCOS diet plan - food to eat and avoid - Health Crescent

PCOS Diet Plan – Food To Eat And Avoid

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal imbalance disorder in women of reproductive age. One in every 10 women is a victim of PCOS. Its most common symptoms are:

  • Irregular menstruation
  • Lack of menstruation
  • Obesity
  • Hirsutism
  • Body inflammation
  • Infertility
  • Acne
  • Cyst formation in ovaries etc.

Symptoms of PCOS are severe but can be managed with a perfect PCOS diet plan, lifestyle changes, and medications as well.

How does a PCOS diet plan work?

A healthy diet is crucial for PCOS because PCOS diets encounter Insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is characterized by high blood glucose levels. It occurs because the liver is producing insulin, but cells do not respond to insulin, and hence uptake of glucose by cells reduces and leads to high blood glucose levels in the blood.

According to studies, 75% of PCOS women suffer from insulin resistance and a more common condition in obese women. Therefore, it is necessary to manage weight gain and insulin resistance. A Healthy and PCOS-friendly diet is the best way to tackle obesity and insulin resistance.
There is no specific diet plan for PCOS, but there are certain foods recommended for sugar control and weight gain because these are the root causes of worsening PCOS.

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Diet Plan for PCOS

Healthy eating and a better diet plan are the best ways to alleviate to symptoms of PCOS. Two diet plans for PCOS are recommended for women by experts.

1. Low Glycemic Index Diet

A low glycemic index (GI) diet reduces the demand for insulin in the body because food with lower GI values has carbohydrates that digest and dissolve slowly in the blood and don’t spike blood glucose levels. In this way, low GI food keeps you full for a long time and prevents cravings.

Low GI food includes:

  • Fruits (bananas and watermelon)
  • Grains
  • Legumes
  • Nuts
  • Pulses
  • Vegetables (except potatoes)
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Brown Rice
  • Meat

2. Anti-inflammatory diet

The anti-inflammatory diet is beneficial for treating PCOS-related inflammation. Recommended anti-inflammatory food includes:

  • Olive oil
  • Tomatoes
  • Almonds
  • Walnuts
  • Spinach
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Omega 3-rich foods such as fish etc

PCOS is a chronic disease that’s why, women must follow Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, often recommended by doctors.

Related: 10 Inflammatory Foods to Avoid with PCOS

Foods to avoid if you have PCOS

Food with a high glycemic index shoots blood glucose levels instantly and exacerbates PCOS-related symptoms. Here is a list of foods that must be avoided if you have PCOS:

  • Refined carbohydrates such as pastries and white bread
  • White rice
  • Corn flakes
  • Baked potatoes
  • Sugary drinks and beverages
  • Fried and fast food
  • Excess red meat and processed meat

PCOS diet helps to alleviate the symptoms of PCOS, but with lifestyle changes, you can increase the efficacy of your PCOS diet plan. Healthy lifestyle changes include regular exercise, walking, waking up early in the morning, going to bed earlier, and other physical activities to boost your mental and physical health.

Frequently  Asked Questions

What is the pcos food list to avoid?

Avoid high-glycemic foods like white bread, sugary cereals, and sweets, which can spike insulin levels. Limit dairy products high in saturated fats and opt for low-fat or non-dairy alternatives to manage hormonal balance in PCOS.

What is the recommended pcos diet plan to lose weight?

Focus on whole, unprocessed foods like vegetables, fruits, lean proteins (chicken, fish), and whole grains. Limit refined carbs, sugars, and saturated fats while aiming for balanced meals and snacks throughout the day.

What are some of the recommended low GI foods for PCOS?

Opt for low GI foods like non-starchy vegetables (broccoli, spinach), whole grains (quinoa, brown rice), legumes (lentils, chickpeas), and most fruits (berries, apples) to help stabilize blood sugar levels in PCOS.

What foods to avoid with PCOS?

Avoid sugary foods and drinks that can spike insulin levels, such as soda, candies, and pastries. Also, limit processed foods high in trans fats and refined carbohydrates like white bread and sugary cereals.

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